What is Donor sperm IVF?
Donor sperm IVF consists of insemination of woman’s eggs with gamete cells harvested from the donor biomaterial. IVF programs are undertaken along with the employment of donor sperm in settings where infertility is caused by male factor
Advantages of donor sperm IVF in Life Line care center
Our center provides the services of its own donor sperm bank, which is resupplied under strict selection rules. This guarantees high-quality samples to our patients. Our programs with donor gamete cells are ultimately effective. Behind strong procedure performance, there is a high proficiency level of our repoductologists and embryologists, following modern standards in terms of selection, storage, and reproductive material employment.
- The high proficiency level of our reproductologists and embryologists allows for the most efficient selection, storage and reproductive material employment provided to our patients
- We apply the strictest requirements to our donors regarding their health condition and quality characteristics of the biomaterial.
- Our equipment meets international standards. It permits to conserve the biomaterial in its optimal state and achieve remarkable results in ART programs.
Donor sperm IVF: method’s characteristics
The method involves fertilization of patient’s eggs with gamete cells derived from donor biomaterial. Our donor reproductive material is kept refrigerated and stored in the Life Line cryoreservoir. Cryoconservation does not affect sperm quality and characteristics. After the thawing process, it is ready to be used in ART programs. Donor sperm is successfully implemented in different IVF protocols and is applicable for intrauterine insemination procedure. The program preparation process for a woman does not differ much from that for the natural cycle IVF. All the procedures are standard as well. The only difference is that embryologists work with biological material received from a donor and not from the partner. This approach is recommended in situations when pregnancy cannot be reached via other techniques.
Indications for donor programs
- Sterile husband (male partner)
- Extremely poor spermogram with several unsuccessful IVF attempts in the past
- The poor genetic prognosis for the husband’s sperm performance
- The woman’s desire to conceive a baby without an official partner
Donor sperm IVF phases
Program is conducted under traditional IVF schedule. It is proceeded by the couple’s thorough examination (which is conducted to confirm the inability of partner’s sperm to conceive and to make the best choice of an IVF protocol for the woman). After preliminary hormone stimulation (or, if the natural cycle IVF is recommended, without it) reproductologist conducts egg retrieval. Female gamete cells are transmitted to the laboratory. An embryologist examines, cultivates and places it in the test glass together with prepared sperm. The fertilization process is conducted. To address this complex task, a specialist is assisted with a high-precision microscope and most-advanced materials. In particular cases, IVF can be supported by the ICSI method — when an embryologist injects sperm into an egg with a special needle. After the fertilization procedure, embryos are transferred into culture media and cultivated there, in an advanced incubator, for the prescribed period. The best embryos are then transferred into the patient’s uterus. So IVF program is performed following its standard way:
- Multifollicular ovarian stimulation.
- Follicular puncture procedure for oocyte retrieval.
- In vitro insemination of oocytes.
- Embryo culture and selection.
- The procedure of embryo transferring into the patient's uterine.
- HCG test to determine pregnancy.
The chances for pregnancy with donor sperm are high as biomaterial received out of the cryobank usually surpasses in quality the one of an average man. The efficiency level of the programs is greatly increased through the fact that the laboratory is very well-equipment. Our center possesses innovative incubators that maintain optimal temperature and reduced oxygen concentration to the natural medium of the woman’s body. In order to improve the accuracy of embryo selection for transfer, the culture can be combined with Primo Vision continuous shooting technology. All this combined increases the chances for successful conception followed by a smooth pregnancy.
Apart from being used in IVF, donor sperm is also implemented in the intrauterine insemination procedure (IUI). This procedure is only recommended when the examination results do not show any impairments in the woman's reproductive health condition — ovaries function normally, fallopian tubes and uterus are patient and healthy.
How the sperm bank is build up
Our donors undergo rigorous selection in accordance with the RF Ministry of Health’s requirements, Order 107H. The man has to meet the following criteria:
- the age between 18 and 30 (when male fertility is at its peak);
- good physical and mental health;
- absence of congenital defects;
- weight within the normal range.
To confirm good general and reproductive health condition each donor undergoes an extensive medical examination prior to donation. It includes:
- physical examination and reports from a therapist, a psychiatrist, and a urologist;
- blood type test and RH factor blood test;
- HIV, hepatitis, syphilis blood test;
- tests to exclude sexually-transmitted infections;
- genetic examination and karyotyping.
This list continues with the following preparation stages: With the assistance of spermogram our embryologists examine candidates’ biomaterial. Sperm selection standards are as follows:
- 1 ml of ejaculate contains over 15 mln sperms;
- 1 ml of ejaculate contains under 15 mln leucocytes;
- the number of morphologically normal sperms is above 4%;
- the number of sperms with high motility is above 32%;
- ejaculate volume is above 1.5 ml.
The approved biomaterial is stored under special quarantine for six months. When this period expires, the donor undergoes a series of medical tests again to exclude latent infection development. Only after this precautionary measure sperm is considered to be ready for IVF and IUI.
How do patients choose a sperm donor?
Information about the donors whose sperm is stored in our reproductive cell bank is published in a special catalog. By examining the catalog our patients can choose whose biomaterial to employ for IVF and IUI procedures. Clients of Life Line care center are provided with the information regarding the blood type and RH factor, phenotypic and genetic characteristics of the donors (body-build, eye and hair color, facial features and so on). The catalog covers as well donor's profession, interests and hobbies and their childhood photos. Married couples tend to choose the donor that resembles the husband. The reason for that is clear, they want a child to look not only like the mother but like the father. Lone female patients choose by their own preferences over man’s appearance. For a better understanding of the donor’s personality (a child can partly inherit the man’s character and intelligence!), there is information about his career field and sphere of interests. In some cases the patient’s blood type and RH factor play a crucial role, so a doctor participates in the selection process as well.
We do not disclose personal data of our donors. In their turn, donors have no access to the information about those who employed their biomaterial, neither of how it was done. Total anonymity of the sperm retrieval process and its employment is the principle we never depart from.
In Life Line Reproductive care center donor sperm insemination is available to everyone who is in need. Reproductologists, embryologists and other specialists of our center work in close collaboration. Teamwork eases the process of finding an individual and delicate approach to every patient. All of the procedures, from the process of donor selection to HCG blood test are implemented following modern international standards. The patients are under the professional care of those reproductologists who specialize on the donor programs and constantly improve their skills in the field.
How much does the treatment cost?
The total sum consists of the price for the program recommended by the reproductologist and the price for donor sperm. For the preliminary insight on the potential expenses contact us through the form below.
We guarantee confidentiality and safety of all the participants of the donor program. In both Life Line clinics, we create all necessary conditions for the patients to feel comfortable and for the treatment to be efficient. To start your route to the desired parenthood, make an appointment with our reproductologist by calling us or submitting an application form below.